Smart Containers ICO – Temperature controlled containers & IoT sensors on the blockchain.

smart cotainers skycell

The upcoming Smart Containers is a fantastic use-case for blockchain technology by combining IoT sensors and passive temperature-controlled containers with the blockchain to provide a immutable record of cargo temperature as it’s being transported.  Smart Containers Group AG. is actually a holding company for two firms, SkyCell and FoodGuardians.

SkyCell has used cutting-edge technology to develop containers that use IoT sensors connected to their data cloud, that utilises blockchain technology to remotely monitor each container to ensure the product temperature is consistent during transport. SkyCell transports some of the most expensive and temperature-sensitive goods in the pharmaceutical industry, this monitoring is absolutely essential as it enables companies to comply with legislation from the EU regarding the delivery of medicinal products.

The FoodGuardians business has a similar offering – reusable containers and boxes to transport sensitive food products across regions or the globe. Their patented cooling technology is a big selling point (The holding company holds over a hundred patents at time of publish), with the vision of having secure food safety through track and trace on the blockchain. The firm also touts cost efficiency, and a reduced carbon footprint as the storage units are reusable.

This article will mostly focus on the SkyCell aspect of the business, and the initial token offering for the SMARC and LOGI tokens, rather than the the FoodGuardians business.

Links with Modum

For those who have read the two previous articles written on Modum.io, may be seeing some similarities creep in through the SkyCell business, with IoT sensors monitoring pharmaceutical products. They both even have offices in the same building at Technoparkstrasse! The initial token offering FAQ clears up the confusion around this quite clearly though:

Modum rents/sells devices for track and trace to customers, whereas Smart Containers rents/sells containers, not the data. Of course the containers have sensors that record data for quality control, but Smart Containers does not sell these data sets. In the end Modum and Smart Containers will address to the same clients – Smart Containers provides the container and Modum will put a sensor in it.

SkyCell – Not just a whitepaper

One of the most exciting aspects around the initial token offering is that SkyCell is a fully operational business already making use of blockchain technology, with revenues and partners in place.

There are a variety of different sized containers, all plug and dry ice free. They’re easy to handle, and made from recyclable materials. The patented-in house developed cooling technology stores five times more energy than traditional methods to keep the container at a consistent temperature. After use, they are ‘recharged’ in a cooling chamber without any need for manual intervention, increasing productivity of the business and reducing cost.

sky cell containers

An example container used by SkyCell.

SkyCell customers order a container, which SkyCell deliver to usually the production facility. The customer then ships it via one of over 30 airline partners, SkyCell will then collect at the destination airport, or other preferred location. Currently SkyCell has two key partnerships with airfreight firms, Cargolux and Emirates SkyCargo. This enables SkyCell to currently serve over 150 destination airports.

The Cargolux media release found here shows why this partnership in particular is a huge win for SkyCell.

Cargolux is the world’s first GDP-certified airline, as well as the world’s first ‘Lean & Green’ carrier and operates from one of Europe’s most modern pharma and healthcare shipment centers, operated by its partner LuxairCargo at Luxembourg’s Findel Airport. Its expert staff is highly trained and motivated with a thorough knowledge and experience in their field. Its fleet of modern 747 freighters ensures the safe, fast and efficient transport of high-value, temperature-sensitive shipments across a global network. Adding SkyCell’s patented containers to its portfolio gives Cargolux an additional effective tool that benefits its customers’ specialized requirements.

Partnering with Europe’s leading cargo firm that has experience with pharma shipping is a huge step for SkyCell and demonstrates absolute faith in the product and service. The Emirates SkyCargo business is also key to making the product available for a wide-range of potential customers, as they are the second largest cargo airline worldwide by freight-tonne kilometres flown. In total, over 30 airlines currently fly SkyCell containers, according to the FAQ.

We know the Switzerland is a major hub for the European pharmaceutical industry, Basil alone has HQs for Novartis, Hoffmann-La Roche, Basilea Pharmaceutica, Straumann and Actelion. Securing contracts with these key firms, or their product distributors in the industry is essential to growing the business. From the Smartcontainers whitepaper, we know they already have Novartis as a client, along with some big names such as Roche, Takeda, Kedrion, Grifols and Alagan. We’ve already stated Modum are based in the same office as them, nearby is also Zug, home to Crypto Valley which has KPMG as a strategic partner.

For its palletised division, there is significant competition in the market. However, in just a 5 short years SkyCell have grown to #4 in this market, and their product is:

tested as technologically superior to Envirotainer (5x more runtime, up to 35% lighter) which translates into safer pharma distribution and cost savings.

Envirotainer is currently the market leader, but as we can see there is significant scope for SkyCell to compete. With the injection of funds the initial token offering will raise, it could be the catalyst needed to increase market share.

Future Products – SkyCell One

skycell one crt

In the future, SkyCell is looking to bring a business-to-consumer solution to market, that was developed and tested with one of the top 20 pharma companies in the world. The direct to patient market is estimated to increase to a 2.5 billion USD market in the future, with no other competition yet aside from styrofoam containers that are disposed of after one use. The SkyCell ONE can also be co-branded by a partner, such as a pharmacy chain that could rent it out for home delivery, business trips or even holidays.

The product is temperature stable for up to 72 hours, can be recharged passively in a fridge, or temp-controlled warehouse or truck. Currently it’s best in class for size and weight, but that’s probably down to there being no competition! Trials have been undergoing since June 2017 with an orphan drug product, and go live is expected in Q2 2018.

Initial Token Offering – Two Tokens?
$SMARC

In total, the Smart Containers Group AG. (holding company for FoodGuardians and SkyCell) is seeking to raise 40 million USD. This would be across two coins.

36 million USD would be raised through the issuance of the SMARC token, and the funds used to scale the SkyCell & FG business.  This is a profit-sharing token (much in the vein of the $MOD token), with 20% of future dividends and any exit profits from subdivisions paid out in ETH proportionally to tokens in circulation.

Total Supply – 150 million SMARC
Tokens Available in ICO: 120 million SMARC
Hard Cap – 36 million USD.
Token Price – 0.432 USD per SMARC
Presale – March on invitation, 25% discount.
Public Sale – End of March, staggered discount to first come first served. 1/3 – 15%, 2/3 – 10%, 3/3 – 5%.

Use of funding split as below:

smartcontainers

 

$LOGI

While operating in the shipping industry, the Smart Containers Group have identified several opportunities to improve efficiency by creating a fully integrated logistics ecosystems, based on the blockchain. The idea is various documents, such as invoices, bills of lading for containers, customs documentation, licences, datasheets could be stored on the blockchain for all parties to use without the need for a human coordinator to tackle email chains and manually generate documents.

logi token

This would be enabled with a mix of technologies to meet requirements. Some documents would need to be public and would be available on a blockchain such as Ethereum. Other more sensitive items would have to be on a permissive blockchain such as Hyperledger’s Fabric technology. When shipping a SkyCell container, the Smart Containers Group has identified atleast 12 documents used between parties, leading to 200 total communications and document actions, much of which manually processed by a coordinator. This on the blockchain can heavily reduce overheads and thus increase profit for those using the ecosystem.

We have seen several recent ICOs looking to build on the same inefficiencies in this market such as CargoX (focusing mostly on Bills of Lading) and SophiaTX (SAP-blockchain hybrid solution). Clearly if someone can master this area, which several SAP based projects have failed to do effectively there would be widespread uptake. We also know IBM is operating in the same field with Maersk with Hyperledger Fabric, so time will tell if they can compete with this existing competition.

The LOGI coin is used to fuel the payment of smart contract transactions and its initial offering breaks down as such:
Total Supply – 100 million LOGI
Tokens Available in ICO: 20 million LOGI
Hard Cap – 4 million USD.
Token Price – 0.285 USD per SMARC
Presale – March on invitation, 25% discount.
Public Sale – End of March, staggered discount to first come first served. 1/3 – 15%, 2/3 – 10%, 3/3 – 5%.

Use of funding split below:

logi coin

The Smart Containers ICO will be aided by Lykke, who also served as partners for the Modum.io ICO back in September. I would highly recommend reading the ICO FAQ linked here, as it answers some great industry specific questions traditional ICO contributors may not consider.

The SmartContainers overview paper can be found in PDF format here, and the full format whitepaper here. The Telegram chat group is linked here and you can follow them on Twitter @SMARC_ICO. In the past month the team has also unveiled their website at https://smartcontainers.ch/. The BitcoinTalk announcement thread is located here.

The Presale is slated to being mid-March, with the public offering beginning at the end of March.

Any thoughts? Follow me on twitter!

If you liked this, you may like this article: Modum – Real blockchain utility, in a sea of vaporware. Part 1 – From the whitepaper to mass production.

OriginTrail – A purpose-built, blockchain agnostic protocol for supply chains.

origintrail

 

If you’ve read my previous post on Blockchain & Logistics, you’ll have guessed i’m a huge fan of the potential blockchain has in supply chain. The recent ICO for OriginTrail.io is a fantastic example of a use case that isn’t just a hollow whitepaper. The product itself has actually been in development since 2013, starting with an alpha version for organic beef products, that then lead to a beta in 2014 for dairy products with integration for Microsoft Navision. In a 2015 a beta version of OriginTrail for poultry and veg products was tested that featured integration into SAP and other 3rd party enterprise software. This early melding with often-used enterprise software, really demonstrates to me a company that has a real product with real end-users in sight – and that this is not just a quick ICO to raise capital and then start working on a product. This is a serious product with serious goals. OriginTrail is also open-source, and actively seeks industrial and technical feedback to grow stronger. OriginTrail is currently in pilot programs (in a centralized state) in Europe and China, according to the whitepaper.

The Product

The OriginTrail protocol was designed specifically to eliminate the main barriers that prevent the effective exchange & validity of data in supply chains. Concerns over the few increasingly fragmented and costly current solutions being another prime motivator for the development of the product. So what do customers actually get out of the product? Essentially, all stakeholders in the supply chain will be able to share all their sensitive data in a secure manner. In the below image we can see part of the issue OriginTrail looks to solve, by combining all of these individual data silos its one comprehensive format. that can be accessed by all stakeholders to ensure traceability, accountability and audit/legal compliance.

origintrail

This might not sound impressive off the bat, but lets take a look at the Horsemeat Scandal that hit Eurpoe back in 2013. Essentially food advertised as containing beef were found to contain horse meat instead, with as much as 100% of the meat content not what was advertised in numerous cases. Some of the undeclared meat was also pork, which obviously raises a whole host of religious and cultural issues with the Muslim and Jewish communities, that view pork is a prohibited food. Major breakdowns in traceability of the food chain were discovered following authorities investigations, and OriginTrail is one of the solutions being brought to market to combat this. With rising trends in organically grown food, allergy-ingredient clear foods (i.e nuts), vegan and gluten free foods, it’s now imperative that suppliers have clear tractability and thus accountability across the supply chain for their products. VeChain, one of the competitors OriginTrail will face, have been working with the Liaoning Academy of Agricultural Sciences to:

Eliminate the trust crisis regarding green agriculture authorization among consumers.

Compatibility with Enterprise Software

OriginTrail from their beta onward have sought to integrate their product with existing enterprise software (notably SAP and Microsoft Navision), and this is clearly set out in the vision section of the whitepaper – “OriginTrail assures compatibility with existing ERP systems, making implementation process quick and efficient.”. Ensuring this compatibility with customers systems will encourage quick adoption in order to meet existing legislation requirements, to increase communication and efficiency between steps in the supply chain, while reducing costs with the protocols scalability ability. Other areas the protocol will add value could be product recalls, chain of custody accountability, freshness for perishable lines, customs compliance and inventory management. SophiaTX is another blockchain startup seeking to utilize existing enterprise software within supply chains. Clearly there is an opportunity here for big business.

Pre-ICO Recognition

In a real statement of belief in the product, OriginTrail back in November was awarded the “Food Safety Innovation Spark Award”, by Walmart’s Food Safety Collaboration Center in China. The firm was one 12 companies selected to join the first generation of the Walmost Food Innovation Program, and the only project steeped in blockchain. We know Walmart is investing heavily in blockchain to improve its efficiency and transparency in supply chain,

At Walmart, Mr. Yiannas is more optimistic. His company has already completed two pilots with IBM — moving pork from Chinese farms to Chinese stores, and produce from Latin America to the United States — and he is confident a finished version can be put together within a few years. “I think this is our one best hope for getting it right,” he said.

If OriginTrail can convince Walmart they have a promising product, after already completely pilots with tech behemoths such as IBM, (who have been exploring projects in blockchain since early 2014), then it’s an incredibly promising sign for the company at such an early stage.

Token Utilisation & Economics

The $TRAC token enables the OriginTrail ecosystem to function by incentivizing data exchange. The system is a number of nodes, and supply is met by the demand of users of the protocol, such as supply chain data producers and consumers, that seek to share their data. The token is a way to reward supply chain data producers and consumers on one side, with the node holders on the other. It’s the incentive for the nodes to function on the network to pay for their outgoing such as computing power and electricity.

OriginTrail is blockchain agnostic, so whichever blockchain tech they utilize, some other costs may incurr, such as GAS if run on the NEO blockchain, or however many units of gwei required for Ethereum. Currently, the $TRAC token is an ERC20 token on the Ethereum blockchain, in the future this could be converted to the ERC223 token spec if approved as standard.

There are a total of 500 mil $TRAC tokens in the total supply, with 50% available for the token sale. The ICO price was set at 1 TRAC = $0.1 USD, and the hardcap was hit after only two days. 2% was kept for bounty programs, 5% for the team and advisers (being released over two years in stages). 5% was set for a liquidity pool, 18% for founders and PreICO contributors, and 20% for future development.

Future Roadmap

The future looks bright, with pilots and live cases with the test network coming up in a few short months. Feb 2018 will see a Hong Kong office open to generate partnerships with the Asian market, and a European wine pilot project finishing up (Vechain recently completed a pilot like this with a Chinese importer to counter fake wine.) In Q2 will see the launch of the OriginTrail test network, and an open call for use cases voted on by token holders – a little like the voting right Modum holders have. The decentralized network will open on Q3 2018, along with a protocol update to meet additional IoT standards. The US office for OriginTrail will also open in this quarter.

Full list of planned developments can be found on their roadmap.

The OriginTrail.io website can be found here. Their twitter account is @origin_trail, and you can chat with the Telegram group here. At time of publish, $TRAC is only availible on two decentralized exchanges, EtherDelta (not recommended since they were bought out) & IDEX (higher fees, but seems to work well).

As always, this post is not financial advice, please do your own research. The whitepaper can be found here and is well worth the read.

Any thoughts? Follow me on twitter!

As $TRAC is such a new currency, if you’re looking to add it to MyEtherWallet or MetaMask:

Contract Address: 0xaa7a9ca87d3694b5755f213b5d04094b8d0f0a6f
Symbol: TRAC
Decimal Places: 18

Dragonchain – Integrating business applications onto blockchain, via serverless architecture.

Dragonchain was originally conceived as the Disney Private Blockchain Platform (DPBP) back beginning in 2015. Joe Roets and his team of developers came up with around 20 different use cases that was originally sent as an email, then released as open source to the W3C blockchain community group back in June 2016. Some of these cases include:

  • Decentralized processing, computing and storage infrastructure.
  • Identity systems, including privacy, confidentiality and security factors. (Now lifeID is a soon to be incubated product)
  • Audit – Reporting and compliance. (recently implemented by the Canadian government)
  • Intellectual property marketplace. (LookLateral just completed an ICO under the Dragonchain platform)
  • Peer to peer financial derivatives.
  • Configuration management for enterprise systems.

The full list can be found here. In the end, the DPBP was set free as open source software under the Apache 2 licence in October 2016. From this team, the Dragonchain foundation was born only four months later. The foundation is based in the techhub of Bellevue, close to Expedia, T-Mobile, Microsoft, SAP, and Valve.

The aim of the foundation in its current form is to make it simpler for firms to utilise blockchain with existing business applications and to foster adoption of blockchain in products that would benefit from it. Some of the key aims include:

  • Protection of business data
  • Fixed 5 second blocks.
  • Currency Agnosticism
  • Interop features.
  • Simple architecture
  • Easy intergration

And these goals boil into three fundamentals for Dragonchain, the platform, incubator and the ecosystem.

Dragonchain Platform

The Dragonchain platform is not based on the BTC or ETH network like most coins or tokens ($DRGN token however is), but was created from the ground up in Python and also uses Java, Node & C#. The architecture is a hybrid blockchain with levels of trust, the base level where the business logic resides is trusted, and such allows the running of an independent blockchain. It also allows the hosting of the blockchain on serverless or cloud platform. In an interview with CEO Joe Roets over at Inc.com, he explains:

Amazon AWS is the first of several integrations that are planned. The interesting point there is that our hybrid architecture allows a best practices approach for deployment and security, and we are able to leverage AWS for scale.

The architecture also seeks to leverage the value of public blockchains, especially those with huge amounts of hash power such as BTC. Integrating current enterprise software with blockchain is currently difficult and not particularly secure, as you would need to build a separate internal and centralized system to maintain business data, and then use BTC specific-knowledge to combine that system with tokenisation. With Ethereum you would also need specific knowledge, in addition to the risk of community forks according to the FAQ.

The whitepaper (page 8) details smart contracts will be deployed as AWS Lambda services. Further down the line, porting the system to the Google App Engine and Apache OpenWhisk is the priority for internal datacenter deployment.

Incubator

The idea behind the incubator is to avoid the old style tech funding path, where companies would pitch to venture capitalists in Silicon Valley or NYC and suffer massive dilution of their business in order to receive funding to take their projects further. Instead of spending time on the product, founders would become marketers instead. What Dragonchain offers is early access to startups technology via project utility tokens sold to Dragonchain customers. To put it a little more simply, it’s an ICO platform for startups, that are vetted and aided in integrating blockchain to their business that are then sold at a discount to Dragonchain holders who have passed the KYC requirements.

LookLateral were the first ICO out of the incubator, a digital platform for contemporary art, where the art is priced, tagged and tokenized. With Dragonchains expertise they can now sell art via tokens against dividends or other rights. Part of that will be the creation of a financial market for art regulated tokens (FINMART). Holders of Dragonchain were entitled to discounts on the presale as detailed below, with pretty steep discounts for long time holders with a high slumberscore (See later for more detail on the $DGRN token).

The next project due to be ‘dragonscaled’ is lifeID (Twitter here) a project seeking to replace Equifax and the like with a digital platform for securing ID. While there is no whitepaper yet, their blog will be the first place to have it. the lifeID product will have an ERC20 token with the symbol ID. Presale dates and more information is on the Dragonchain FAQ here.

Ecosystem/Marketplace

The third prong of Dragonchain’s product is the ecosystem they hope to build. The idea is hiring or creating partnerships with other developers, software engineers and having opensource software libraries with prebuild smart contracts to enable businesses to hit the ground running with blockchain tech. Other professional services such as legal and marketing experts would also make up part of the ecosystems to further expedite growth of businesses within the Dragonchain ecosystem.

Token Utility & Mechanics

So how will $DRGN actually be used? Ss from what we know so far Dragonchain’s platform is not based on the Ethereum blockchain, but holders have $DRGN, which is an ERC20 standard token. The short video details it pretty well for all three parties, those being founders, developers and community members. The token in the Dragonchain FAQ is described as a tokenized micro-licence for interaction with the dragonchain platform. The token also captures current legal guidance regarding US law covering securities and there is a patent pending on the micro-licence.

One of the more interesting mechanics is the slumberscore that was mentioned above. The number of $DRGN you hold, multiplied by the number of days held in the same wallet is equal to the slumberscore. If you have your wallet address handy, here’s a link to check yours out. As we’ve seen in the LookLateral ICO image above, holding a large amount of dragons for a long period of time can result in enormous discounts to ICOs held on the platform. It’s a fantastic incentive for the long-term holders even if there’s not much price change going forward as the opportunity cost from not holding other coins or tokens could easily be made back from the discounts on ICO tokens.

Dragonchain has a total supply of 433,94 mil $DRGN, with circulating supply sitting at the 238.42 mil. It’s currently ranked in the top 50 tokens by marketcap ($645,96 mil) USD according to Coinmarketcap at time of publish.

Dragonchain’s initial ICO raised just over $13 mil USD. The team over at Blockchain-Trust however did note something pretty interesting when it comes to the belief and trust in the platform:

For those who were watching the project like me, a wallet belonging to the GENESIS block, perhaps an ETH foundation team member purchased 3600ETHs worth of Dragon tokens during the ICO, which at today’s rates is worth about $1.5 million. For someone from Ethereum to invest in a small project like this, gives it huge credibility, as no doubt they would of looked over the Github code, whitepaper and realize the potential gem that lies within Dragon Chain..

Dragonchain is currently available at KuCoin.

Dragonchain’s Twitter can be found here, along with their Telegram. The whitepaper can be found here, please read it fully along with the very detailed FAQ on their site. Always perform your own research, this is not financial advice.